Organized by the University of Ottow Geissler, Papua Province’s Regional Commission for Climate Change and Sustainable Development (KOMDA PPIB) and Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), with support from UKCCU
Tropical forests of Papua covering the provinces of Papua and West Papua account for 38.72% of the Indonesia total forest area. As such, they play an important role for both timber production and non-timber forest products (NTFPs). High in biodiversity with abundant endemic species, these forests also generate important ecosystem services and produce medicinal plants, the potential and use of which have not been fully explored.
Forests in this region, however, have declined over time. Forest areas have been reduced from 42 million hectares in 2009 to 40 million hectares in 2018. The reduction in the quality and quantity of these forests has been due to various reasons, notably the conversion of forests into infrastructure, regional development, plantations and mining. Unsustainable use of forest resources, encroachment of forest areas and lack of tenurial security have also contributed to deforestation.
Despite efforts to improve forest governance, forests in the region continue to decline and face an alarming rate of deforestation. Moreover, local Papuan have not benefited from the abundant natural resources surrounding them. Questions remain about mandates given by the Law No. 21 of 2001 (Art 39) and Special Local Regulation (Perdasus) No. 21 of 2008 (Art 55). These laws aim to ensure forest resources are used in a sustainable manner for the benefit of local Papuan. Why have they not been implemented effectively? How can NTFPs, ecosystem services and medicinal plants be better used?
It is the right moment to discuss what lessons we can learn from implementation of the special autonomy era and their potential implications on forests and local Papuan. More attention is needed to explore how academic institutions such as think tanks and relevant actors could play more active roles in saving the Papua forests. How can they contribute to the transition from a timber-oriented paradigm to optimal use of NTFPs, ecosystem services and medical plants?
This Online Seminar Series aims to provide stakeholders, namely forestry lecturers, students, government officials, development partners and the public, with knowledge and concepts on forests and contemporary forestry development in Papua. Selected resource persons will share data, information and knowledge with participants and engage in discussions on forest governance and management in Papua during the special autonomy era 2001-2020. Through the series, participants will also have a chance to discuss the potential and challenges for optimal use of NTFPs, and the provision and values of forest ecosystem services and traditional medicinal plants.
If you are interested in participating in the fourth series of the seminar, to be held on 15 April 2021, please register here: https://bit.ly/3wR14Lo.
The online seminar committee will send registered participants a link and instructions so they can join the seminar.
This online seminar will be held in Bahasa Indonesia without translation.
Building community immunity through use of Papuan traditional medicinal plants
Indonesia is one of the world’s richest countries in biodiversity. An estimated 30,000 plant species have been identified, around 950 of which are known to have a biopharmaceutical function and potential as medicine and health food. Indeed, recent research shows about 1845 species of herbal plants – including 2500 plants in the country – can be used as medicine. Various types of traditional medicinal plants have been identified across Papua and West Papua regions, both by the Health Office and academics, to have efficacy for enhancing the immune system. Milkwood and akwai in the forests of Papua are used to treat malaria and body vitality, respectively. Meanwhile, benali, kebar grass, red fruit juice and ant nests are used to enhance the body’s immune system. Most of these plants are cultivated by local communities and some grow naturally. Some medicinal plants have been used by Indigenous peoples (for example, the Dani tribe) for thousands of years. They can have high medical value when blended with herbal ingredients to treat various diseases. However, beyond personal health care, these traditional plants have economic potential that can benefit local communities and others.
The online panel will discuss the prospects for these various types of medicinal plants. How can technical aspects and policy support future use and development of traditional medicinal plants in Papua and West Papua?
Dr. Robby Kayame, SKM.M.Kes
Head of Health Offices, Papua Province
Abdullah Tuharea, S.Hut, M.Si
Environment and Forestry Research and Development Bureau, Manokwari
Dr. Lisye Iriana Zebua, M.Si
Dr. Ir. Noak Kapisa, M.Sc
Papua Province’s Regional Commission for Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Beatrix S. Wanma
Ottow Geissler University, Papua
Papua’s paradigm shift in forest uses: Exploring non-timber forest products for regional economic and local livelihood benefits
Papua’s forests generate not only timber, but a multitude of forest products. With their high levels of biodiversity, Papua’s forests generate important ecosystem services and non-timber forest products, the potential and uses of which have yet to be fully explored. Many of these NTFPs, including fruits, honey, agarwood (gaharu), resins, sago, leaves, rattans, bamboo and many others, are produced traditionally and used for subsistence, traded commercially, or even exported overseas. It is the time to change the forest use paradigm and pay more attention to how forests can be utilized, not only for generating regional revenues, but more importantly to benefit customary communities. NTFP potential has yet to be explored fully, and efforts are needed to overcome policy and technical challenges ahead.
Director of Production Forest Environmental Service and Non-Timber Forest Product Enterprises, Directorate General of Sustainable Production Forest Management, Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Yan Yap L. Omuseray
Head of the Papua Provincial Forestry and Environment Office
Team Leader,Sustainable Landscapes & Livelihoods
Head of the Papua Provincial Industry, Trade, Cooperative, Small- and Medium Scale Enterprises and Labour Office
Dr. Jonni Marwa
Dean of Forestry Faculty of Papua State University (UNIPA)
Papua’s Biodiversity and Forest Ecosystems Services: Potential, Policy and Management Challenges and Ways Forward
Papua’s abundant tropical forests and biodiversity generate invaluable social and ecological services that benefit humans and other living things, directly and indirectly. They play an important role in providing various products, regulating services (i.e. climate, water), generating cultural services (e.g. spiritual, recreational, aesthetic) and supporting the production of all other ecosystem services. Despite the huge potential of forests in the region – which range from beach ecosystems to alpine regions and mountain forests – climate change, unplanned development of land uses, and unsustainable and ill-equipped management practices continue to threaten and adversely affect land, biodiversity and habitat. The capacity of ecosystems to maintain forest benefits and services into the future continues to be reduced.
In this series, the importance and the potential of forest ecosystems and biodiversity across Papua, and how they are contributing to the national, regional and global agenda will be highlighted. We will also discuss policy and management efforts to conserve biodiversity and maintain the forest ecosystem services and examine how these endeavors have been effective in protecting biodiversity, avoiding habitat loss and controlling environmental damage.
A resource person from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry will outline national strategies and action plans for biodiversity and forest conservation and highlight specific policies on the protection of forested areas and ecosystem services within and outside state forest land. The head of a national park will illustrate how important conserved forests and lands are to maintaining biodiversity, landscapes and environmental services, and to allowing people to live near the park. He will share experiences and challenges that the park management is facing in handling relevant management and field issues.
In addressing issues on how ecosystem services can be better used and how local stakeholders, particularly the indigenous people of Papua, can really benefit from nature, other panellists will talk about green investment and forest-based tourism entrepreneurship.
Ir. Wiratno, MSc
Director General of Forest Resources, Ecosystem Conservation, Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Acha Anis Sokoy, S.Hut.
Head of Lorentz National Park
Dr. Ir. Agus I. Sumule
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Papua (UNIPA)
Prof. Jatna Supriatna, M.Sc., Ph.D.
University of Indonesia
Elisabeth Veronika Wambraw, ST, MT. PhD
Recent trends and status of forests and forestry in Papua: What lessons can we learn from the special autonomy era (2001- 2020)?
The first series features speakers from IPB University, Papua Regional Commission for Climate Changes and Sustainable Development and CIFOR. They will talk about forest governance and lessons we can learn from 20 years of implementing the special autonomy law in Papua. They will also share views on the status of forests and various challenges facing forestry development. Furthermore, they will highlight important, corrective measures to deal with such challenges and prevent further deforestation and forest degradation in this region. Speakers will discuss issues around forest cover changes and drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, and the role of forests in climate change adaptation and mitigation. One speaker will also illustrate how a geo-platform tool (i.e. Papua Atlas, developed by CIFOR and PT Wawasan) can help monitor forest cover changes and the performance of the private sector and other actors in avoiding deforestation and forest degradation.
Prof. Dr. Ir. Hariadi Kartodiharjo, M. S
Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)
Prof. Dr. Rizaldi Boer
Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB)
Dr. Ir. Noak Kapisa, M.Sc
Komisi Daerah Perubahan Iklim dan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (KOMDA PIPB) Papua