Vietnam’s Payments for Forest Environmental Services (PFES) Program, first piloted in 2008 and since rolled out across the country, is one of the largest payments for ecosystem services programs in the world. It is also, to our knowledge, the only national payments for ecosystem services scheme in Asia. Slightly over a decade into its existence, it is beginning to be possible to assess PFES’s impacts on livelihoods and forest protection. This series of talks presents results from a USAID-PEER Program-funded research collaboration between the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and faculty at the International Affairs Program, Lafayette College, and the School of Environment and Natural Resources and Department of Geography at The Ohio State University. Taking an interdisciplinary approach drawing on fieldwork and livelihoods surveys in villages implementing PFES, longitudinal network analysis, and large-scale geospatial modelling, the presentations demonstrate that the strengths and weaknesses of Vietnam’s PFES program can inform conservation efforts more broadly.