The year 2020 was dominated by news about the Covid-19 outbreak and world-wide lockdowns. Experts at CIFOR-ICRAF were quick to point out ways that healthy trees and forests could help “build back better” post-pandemic to prevent future zoonotic disease outbreaks, mend a broken food system, slow accelerating climate change, boost biodiversity, improve ecosystem resilience and promote health for people and the planet.
On this page you will find highlights of our achievements in 2020, which speak to our ongoing commitment to advancing human well-being, equity and environmental integrity.
To ensure all the admirable tree planting pledges have long-term benefits for people and the planet, the right tree needs to be planted in the right place for the right purpose. This guide offers nine principles for successful tree planting initiatives.
Agricultural land use and expansion are the primary drivers of world-wide deforestation, which increases food production short-term. But in the long-term, maintaining healthy forests is essential for a resilient global food system. This review evaluates food security outcomes under different land-use scenarios to 2050.
This review looks at case studies of natural forest regeneration on former agricultural land and identifies barriers to the development, management and persistence of these plots. The authors conclude with specific economic and policy recommendations for the local, national and global scales that would favor natural forest regrowth and human well-being.
Although women increasingly participate in charcoal value chains throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, they benefit unequally from their work compared to men. Women have less access and control over productive resources and income, less social and political capital, and face challenges related to traditional gender roles and responsibilities. These inequalities could hamper the implementation of more sustainable charcoal value chains if not addressed.
This study uses favorability modelling to link deforestation with Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreaks and increased human interactions with select species of fruit bats. Several of these bats are known carriers of the virus, making this study a stepping stone for future research of the networks and pathways that may lead to an EVD outbreak.
This study assesses and compares carbon sink capacity in tropical forests throughout Africa and the Amazon. While carbon sinks in Africa have remained stable for three decades, carbon sink capacity in the Amazon has declined, suggesting asynchronous carbon sink saturation on the two continents. Carbon saturation in tropical forests has major consequences for climate policies moving forward
When prey species, especially large mammals, are taken out of forests through hunting, the balance between pathogens and hosts is altered to the extent that viruses, bacteria that cause disease can jump between different animals and even onto humans.
From government representatives to local researchers, panelists, with their own varied expertise and passions, highlighted the need for action to save peatlands for their precious biodiversity, climate resilience and human health at GLF Biodiversity.
An ethnographer overturns some of the generally accepted parameters which have largely defined gender studies, suggesting that the habits and practices of men warrant greater consideration than they have received to date.
In Java’s cultural heartland, a hidden world of caverns, clear water and mysterious creatures has created an ecosystem like no other. Sculpted by water over millions of years, this subterranean system is a magnet for adventure seekers and a key reservoir for local communities. But erosion, pollution and overuse threaten to contaminate the water and harm the unusual geological formations.
The organization OCEAN is producing charcoal briquettes by using sawmill waste in Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo. The briquettes offer the urban population a sustainable wood fuel alternative to cook their meals.
As the efforts to curb pandemic accelerate, many conservationists are welcoming China’s move to outlaw hunting and consumption of wild animals. But the ban may put millions of forest dwellers at risk of food insecurity, as Indigenous or rural communities often consume wild meat as their sole source of protein.
Films have the power to inspire. The Forest Film Festival will transport audiences to some of the world’s most stunning tropical forests, featuring stories based on research by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and World Agroforestry (ICRAF), highlighting the crucial role that these biodiverse ecosystems play in providing people and the planet with vital services from nutritious food to protection from climate change.
This pilot study estimates the quantities of wild foods consumed to understand how much they contribute to diets and nutrition in several regions in Zambia. With the results, CIFOR-ICRAF scientists hope to craft a strategy that can be used regularly by national agencies in Zambia or elsewhere to estimate of the quantity of wild forest foods collected and consumed.
The pace of environmental decline is slower on Indigenous-managed territories thanks to their traditions and landscape management techniques. In this podcast, Rukka Sombolinggi, secretary general of the Indigenous Peoples Alliance Of The Archipelago (AMAN), and Tania Eulalia Martinez-Cruz, an Indigenous activist and researcher, discuss how communities in Mexico and Indonesia are using their traditional knowledge protect their land and combat the Covid-19 pandemic.
Forests need to be conserved, as they are essential for maintaining life on earth. In this episode, CIFOR-ICRAF Director General Robert Nasi shares his views on the most pressing challenges in forest conservation and management, how the climate crisis changes things and how we can overcome these challenges.
The very first episode of “Let’s Talk Trees” podcast highlights the lives of some invisible heroes: women farmers who feed the world. Listen to Houria Djoudi, a senior scientist on the Sustainable Landscape and Livelihood team at CIFOR, and Ana Maria Paez-Valencia, a scientist in the Gender Unit at ICRAF, discuss the roles of women farmers in forest communities and the inspiration for their research.
Accelerating deforestation is a risk to global food security, say Amy Ickowitz, team leader of the Sustainable Landscapes and Livelihoods program at CIFOR and Anja Gassner, senior livelihoods specialist and head of research methods group at ICRAF. Forests and other natural landscapes are the source of countless nutrient-rich species of wild fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, insects, wild meat and even fish across the globe. Conserving this biodiversity is an important step for creating a resilient food system.
In light of World Refugee Day, this episode of “Let’s Talk Trees” addresses the challenges of food insecurity, firewood scarcity and environmental degradation in refugee settings. Mary Njenga, a bioenergy research scientist at ICRAF and Ruth Mendum, associate director for gender initiatives and an assistant professor of research at Pennsylvania State University share their ongoing work to increase food and fuel supply while protecting the natural landscape surrounding refugee communities in Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia.
Mangroves are critically important in the fight against man-made climate change and adaptation. Three scientists: Rosa Román from CIFOR, Miguel Cifuentes from CATIE and Jorge Herrera from CINVESTAD answer 10 questions about these amphibious ecosystems and opportunities for mangrove restoration.
Landscape of Sabintulung village, Muara Kaman District, Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan. Photo by Ricky Martin/CIFOR
Landcape Oil palm plantation in Muara Kaman Ilir village, Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan. Photo by Ricky Martin/CIFOR
Production of ecological briquettes from sawmill residues.
Community nursery in Yanonge – DRC. Photo by Axel Fassio/CIFOR
Pilot farm in Yangambi, DRC. Photo by Fiston Wasanga/CIFOR
Workers of the Muara Kaman Ulu Bina Tani cooperative (BTMU), Muara Kaman Ulu Village, Muara Kaman District, Kutai Kartanegara District, East Kalimantan, carry out daily activities of moving the oil that the nurses have picked onto the truck to be taken to the palm oil processing factory. Photo by Ricky Martin/CIFOR
Nursery in Yanonge, DRC. Photo by Fiston Wasanga/CIFOR
Yangambi Pôle Scientifique (YPS) with the Congoflux’ team (Ghent University). Photo by Thomas Sibret/UGent
GML project in Yanonge: A woman plants an acacia tree. Photo by Fiston Wasanga/CIFOR
Portrait of Partai, oil palm plantation worker in Sabintulung village, Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan. Photo by Ricky Martin/CIFOR
Indonesia’s secret forests: Underground water world
The coastal karst landscape of Gunung Sewu houses a secret: large networks of underground rivers and caves that provide pristine water to forests and farms above ground.
The world’s largest desert lake and a disappearing way of life
Years of drought in Kenya are forcing nomadic people to abandon their traditions and cluster in villages around the world’s largest desert lake – Lake Turkana. Sometimes, their new livelihoods add to environmental degradation and climate change.
Tree planting has become the latest trend in helping to tackle the climate crisis. But can tree planting really save the planet? At the tree planting digital forum, participants studied principles for successful, evidence-based tree planting that supports livelihoods, communities and the planet.
Human health, food security and livelihoods depend on planetary health. But today, food systems are one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas emissions, a main driver of deforestation and the greatest threat to biodiversity. The Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) digital forum in June invited participants to think about how food systems can be transformed to benefit people and the planet.
This event brought together biodiversity experts, scientists, policymakers, journalists, activists, business people and Indigenous groups to discuss working together to conserve the world’s disappearing biodiversity—from seeds to sea turtles. Held under the theme ‘One World – One Health’, this two-day conference reached millions of people, spotlighted ecosystem restoration and contributed to the UN CBD’s Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.
As the efforts to curb COVID-19 accelerate, many conservationists are welcoming China’s move to outlaw hunting and consumption of wild animals. And yet, the reality is not that simple. The ban may put millions of forest dwellers at risk of food insecurity, as Indigenous or rural communities often consume wild meat as their sole source of protein.
The first Forest Film Festival transported audiences to stunning tropical forests around the world. Featured films highlighted the crucial role that biodiverse ecosystems play in providing people and the planet with vital services from nutritious food to protection from climate change.
FTA 2020 Science Conference Forest, trees and agroforestry science for transformational change
GLF Bonn Digital Conference: Food in the time of crises
GLF Biodiversity Digital Conference: One World – One Health
Covid-19 and What it Means for Wild Meat
Forest Film Festival | December 2020
Agroforestry land restoration technique improves food security in Honduras:
#ForestsNews: Agroforestry land restoration technique improves food security in Honduras; Inga alley cropping has transformed the lives of 300 subsistence farming families | http://ow.ly/m2lm50ys7Xq; World Agroforestry | Inga Foundation USA
FTA: Landscape restoration goes far beyond simply planting trees :
Landscape restoration goes far beyond simply planting trees. But without secure tenure, what motivation do local communities have to invest in the landscape? | http://ow.ly/4r3950ynXBU ; via CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry
#Perú 🔴 Participa en el ciclo de sesiones digitales sobre REDD+.
El Estudio Global Comparativo de CIFOR sobre REDD+ se sustenta en un esfuerzo de más de 10 años de investigación para comprender las causas de la deforestación y la degradación forestal, así como ofrecer evidencia sobre qué se puede hacer para revertir esas tendencias en los países tropicales. Este ciclo de webinars presentará resultados recientes y análisis del avance y transformación de REDD+ con un enfoque en Perú. 📅 17, 19, 24 y 25 de noviembre, vía Zoom.
Conoce la agenda e inscríbete en: ➡️ http://bit.ly/REDDenPeru
#Biodiversity means food security and resilient livelihoods. Protecting it may require technology and investment, but let’s not neglect nature-based solutions and indigenous knowledge as critical contributions moving forward. Happy #BiodiversityDay | http://ow.ly/X1cl50zHZTV
Dispelling the top 7 tree planting misconceptions:
Dispelling the Top 7 #TreePlanting Misconceptions: It’s time to move beyond tree planting and start tree growing | http://ow.ly/hXzp50BwxvD. Only 7 days left before our digital forum! Registered yet? Let’s get to it! @ICRAF @GlobalLF @CGIAR @FTA_CGIAR #ForestsMatter
1/10 We all get that major transformations are needed in the way we live on this planet, but who will decide what kinds of changes, which will take priority, how they will occur and who will win and lose from “transformational change”? | https://cifor.org/event/cifor-at-flare-twitter-conference-2020/… | #FLARETC20
In Java’s cultural heartland, a hidden world of caverns, clear water and mysterious creatures is an ecosystem like no other… but erosion, pollution and overuse threaten to contaminate this geological wonder
The Secret of Tamanu Oil
Linking biofuel, restoring land and beauty? 🧐
In this #ForestsNews Special, the Tamanu Tree takes center stage: highlighting its promising potential in bioenergy production and ‘healing properties’ for both degraded land… and yes, blemished skin
Learn more 🔗 http://ow.ly/BSP730rgidJ
📽 CIFOR Production: @arissanjayas @anggatwn @bkristanty @jeremy.v.loon
🌳 Explore the World of #ForestFoods
As part of #Nutriscapes, CIFOR-ICRAF brings you this vibrant collection to showcase the invaluable contributions of forests and landscapes to human diets, livelihoods and health.
🔗Link in Bio and get inspired
📽 @arissanjayas 👩🏻🎨 @mardiyahalexandra
#ForNature #PorLaNaturaleza #UntukAlam #AvecLaNature #forests #forestry #research #climatechange #environment #forest #sustainability #rainforest #tropicalforests #nature #savetheplanet #agroforestry #landscapes #ThinkLandscape #food #sketch #sketchbook
Daniel Murdiyarso, 2020 Recipient of Habibie Prize for Engineering Sciences
We are delighted to announce that our very own Principal Scientist and Academician Daniel Murdiyarso is the 2020 Recipient of the prestigious Habibie Prize for Engineering Sciences! Congratulations, Pak Daniel! Your CIFOR-ICRAF Family is proud of you! | #InovasiIndonesia
#ForestsNews: Rwandan farmers plant millions of seedlings in landscape restoration initiative; this partnership aims to integrate trees into croplands and expand evergreen agriculture. More on #RegreeningAfrica here ➡️ http://ow.ly/TzxQ30r3jBK
CIFOR Scientist Amy Duchelle named one of 16 Outstanding Women Restoring the Earth
Congratulations CIFOR Senior Scientist and Climate Change Team Leader Amy Duchelle for being named one of the 16 Outstanding Women Restoring the Earth by Global Landscapes Forum (GLF).
The list of 16 outstanding women activists was released by GLF to mark International Women’s Day on 8 March 2020, acknowledging and celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women and their unceasing efforts for gender equality. Meet the remarkable women here: http://ow.ly/GlBV50yDMyp |
#IWD2020 #GenerationEquality #ThinkLandscape