Transhumance, Tree Growing and Ecosystem Resilience in The Gambia

For centuries, communities in the Sahel have practiced transhumance as a coping strategy for feed and water shortages for livestock. This practice, however, is creating social, ecological and resource stress, as it is seasonally increasing the livestock footprint in landscapes already struggling with resource scarcity. It has also become a major challenge for on-farm tree growing and agricultural restoration. The large numbers of transient livestock is becoming a major concern for community forest restoration, as the animals feed on and trample planted young seedlings and saplings, hence slowing restoration. The problem encompasses both cross-border and domestic transhumance. Cross-border transhumant communities cut down trees, often resulting in conflict with local communities, who are responsible for the forest and community-managed parks.

    Publication Type

    Technical Brief

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    Bah A, Duguma L, Minang P, Muthee K, Duba D, Sanneh E, Jallow P