It has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect ecosystems and secure livelihoods for rural communities – but there are risks.

Bioenergy from plants with oil-producing seeds or wood that can be converted to biomass energy has the potential to produce clean energy, secure rural livelihoods and restore degraded lands. But if not carefully managed, it could displace food crops or promote land-clearing.

CIFOR and partners have been looking at a wide range of policy relevant issues associated with bioenergy, especially social, economic and environmental aspects – including how it can be integrated as a part of landscape restoration goals. Rather than using arable land to study bioenergy, researchers are identifying and assessing degraded land, building a database of key species that grow well on Indonesia’s degraded lands, thereby transforming them back into profitable landscapes.

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