About the Project


The miombo are an extensive woodland type dominated by Brachystegia and Julbernardia globiflora. They stretch in a band across the southern and south-central African plateau, at altitudes generally above 1200 m, from Tanzania and Mozambique in the east to Angola and Namibia in the west. The woodlands are important in many ways ranging from provision of wood for construction, fruits, mushrooms, medicines, and fiber, and are important for a number of complex rural based economic activities such as cropping, livestock production, wildlife and eco-tourism. The woodlands are thus very important in mitigating rural poverty and their management is crucial for achieving some of the MDGs. Studies in the region have shown that up to a third of incomes amongst poor rural households can come from the miombo woodlands. PRSPs from some Southern African countries do not clearly articulate the role of natural woodlands in economic development. Despite the varied and significant roles and potential of miombo, policy interventions which focus on the linkages between woodland management and socio-economic development are seldom clearly articulated. Why is this so and what can be done to encourage the management of miombo woodlands so as to stimulate rural economic activities? The World Bank-funded project on policies and incentives for improving the management of the woodlands addresses these issues.

Project objectives

The World Bank and CIFOR are implementing the two year project (2006-2007) to develop a framework for an improved understanding of the linkage between rural livelihoods and miombo woodlands, and to better inform the development of social and economic policies which have poverty alleviation as their primary objective. The project is implemented through a network of partners in Mozambique, Tanzania and Zambia.

Purpose of the project

The project has two primary purposes:

  1. to promote better management of the miombo woodlands so as to meet household needs;
  2. to leverage some responsiveness in the World Bank's economic dialogue with governments in the region with a special focus on the importance of miombo woodlands to rural households.


Sponsored by World Bank
Copyright 2006 Center for International Forestry Research