Nano-lignocellulose fibers (NLCFs) studies have been undertaken intensively in Indonesia because of its extraordinary properties of the nanofibers for various applications. The Government of Indonesia has also supported the development of the studies into industrial application. However, the studies about the nanofibers were still limited thereby creating barriers to the implementation of the studies into industrial application. Based on this study, NLCFs comprised lignocellulose nanofibers, bacterial nanocellulose, nanocrystalline cellulose, and nanofibrillated cellulose. From this study, empty fruit bunch of oil palm became the most studied natural fiber for NLCFs isolation, followed with other sources, such as bacteria, cassava, bamboo, and pineapple. From the Google Earth and ArcGis mapping, NLCFs studies were mostly conducted in Java Island over other Indonesia islands. The phenomenon was due to the availability of nanofibers-producing machines and its instrumentations. There has been yet no specific regulation supporting the development of NLCF studies, but there are some ministerial roadmaps and plans created to support the studies. Yet, NLCF studies have been not only concerned on its isolation and characterization but also the studies have been concentrated for exploring the NLCF potential for industrial application purposes, such as: paper making, pharmaceutics, food and packaging, medicine, and bio-absorbent.
Publication Year: 2020
Source: SN Applied Sciences (2): 564