- Indonesia and Peru harbor some of the largest lowland tropical peatland areas. Indonesian peatlands are subject to much greater anthropogenic activity than Peru’s resulting in high GHG and particulate emissions.
- We explored patterns of impact in both countries and compared predisposing factors. Impacts differ greatly among Indonesian regions and the Peruvian Amazon in the order: Sumatra > Kalimantan > Papua > Peru.
- All impacts, except fire, are positively related to population density.
- Current peatland integrity in Peru arises from a confluence of factors that has slowed development, with no absolute barriers protecting Peruvian peatlands from a similar fate to Indonesia’s.
- If the goal is to maintain the integrity of Peruvian peatlands, government policies recognizing unique peatland functions and sensitivities will be necessary.
Topic: peatlands, degradation, tropical forests, fire, oil palms, plantations
Series: CIFOR Infobrief no. 269
Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia
Publication Year: 2019Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.