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Is Indonesian peatland loss a cautionary tale for Peru? A two-country comparison of the magnitude and causes of tropical peatland degradation

Is Indonesian peatland loss a cautionary tale for Peru? A two-country comparison of the magnitude and causes of tropical peatland degradation

Key messages

  • Indonesia and Peru harbor some of the largest lowland tropical peatland areas. Indonesian peatlands are subject to much greater anthropogenic activity than Peru’s resulting in high GHG and particulate emissions.
  • We explored patterns of impact in both countries and compared predisposing factors. Impacts differ greatly among Indonesian regions and the Peruvian Amazon in the order: Sumatra > Kalimantan > Papua > Peru.
  • All impacts, except fire, are positively related to population density.
  • Current peatland integrity in Peru arises from a confluence of factors that has slowed development, with no absolute barriers protecting Peruvian peatlands from a similar fate to Indonesia’s.
  • If the goal is to maintain the integrity of Peruvian peatlands, government policies recognizing unique peatland functions and sensitivities will be necessary.

Authors: Lilleskov, E.A.; McCullough, K.; Hergoualc';h, K.; del Castillo Torres, D.; Chimmer, R.; Murdiyarso, D.; Kolka, R.; Bourgeau-Chavez, L.; Hribljan, J.; del Aguila Pasquel, J.; Wayson, C.

Topic: peatlands, degradation, tropical forests, fire, oil palms, plantations

Geographic: Peru,Indonesia

Series: CIFOR Infobrief no. 269

Pages: 8p

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17528/cifor/007490


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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