Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

From growing food to growing cash: Understanding the drivers of food choice in the context of rapid agrarian change in Indonesia

From growing food to growing cash: Understanding the drivers of food choice in the context of rapid agrarian change in Indonesia

Key messages

  • At our study site in West Kalimantan, Dayak people practicing traditional agriculture consumed more fruit and fish than people living in villages where oil palm was grown. Likewise, at the Papuan study site, those who collected and hunted in forests, ate more fruit, fish and meat than fellow Papuans working in oil palm.
  • Those working in oil palm consumed more processed foods, which can lead to chronic illnesses such as heart disease and diabetes.
  • Children from the households working in oil palm consumed more dairy products and eggs than children of households practicing traditional agriculture, hunting and collecting.
  • Diets associated with traditional livelihoods can be healthy, and in some respects, healthier than more ‘modern’ diets.
  • In both study sites, signs of under-nutrition (stunting, wasting, underweight and anemia) and over-nutrition (overweight and obesity) co-existed. In the oil palm site in West Kalimantan, the rate of wasting among children under five was higher than that seen in traditional households; in the Papua site, there was a higher rate of anemia among mothers working in oil palm, compared with mothers in traditional households.
  • Programs should be put in place to encourage people to maintain consumption of healthy traditional foods and avoid too many processed and sugary foods. This will allow people to gain the benefits of market integration without losing the benefits of traditional diets.
  • Many wild foods can contribute to healthy diets. Access to forests may help ensure communities consume more of these nutrient-rich foods.
  • In Papua, people are switching from sago to rice as their staple food. The health and nutrition implications of this are not well understood, but there is a risk that the cultural value of sago consumption might be lost.

Authors: Purwestri, R.C.; Powell, B.; Rowland, D.; Wirawan, N.N.; Waliyo, E.; Lamanepa, M.; Habibie, Y.; Ickowitz, A.

Topic: foods, oil palms, agriculture, households, consumption, health

Geographic: Indonesia

Series: CIFOR Infobrief no. 263

Pages: 6p

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17528/cifor/007360


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Altmetric score:

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing

Top

CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on cifor.org. This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us: cifor@cgiar.org

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later