Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Selection biases and spillovers from collective conservation incentives in the Peruvian Amazon

Selection biases and spillovers from collective conservation incentives in the Peruvian Amazon

Payments for ecosystem services are becoming popular components in strategies to conserve ecosystems and biodiversity, but their effectiveness remains poorly documented. Here we present counterfactual-based evidence on the conservation outcomes of the pilot stage of Peru’s National Forest Conservation Program (NFCP). The NFCP provides direct payments to indigenous communities in the Amazon, conditional on avoided deforestation and the adoption of sustainable production systems. Using a spatially explicit quasi-experimental evaluation design, we show that the payment scheme has achieved only small conservation impacts, in terms of avoided deforestation. Counter-intuitively, these materialized largely on land not enrolled for conservation, due to spillover effects. Conservation effects on contracted land were negligible because communities were not chosen according to high deforestation threats, and they self-enrolled low-pressure forest areas for conservation. Occasional non-sanctioned contract incompliance contributed to these outcomes. We highlight implications for the design and implementation of up-scaled national conservation programs. Methodologically, we demonstrate the important role of choosing the appropriate spatial scale in evaluating area-based conservation measures.

Authors: Giudice, R.; Börner, J.; Wunder, S.; Cisneros, E.

Topic: ecosystem services, biodiversity, conservation

Geographic: Peru

Publication Year: 2019

ISSN: 1748-9326

Source: Environmental Research Letters 14(4): 045004

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aafc83

Altmetric score:

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing

Top

CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on cifor.org. This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us: cifor@cgiar.org

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later