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Gender and formalization of native communities in the Peruvian Amazon

Gender and formalization of native communities in the Peruvian Amazon

Key messages

  • Indigenous women are affected not only by the tenure security of their collective land but also by their status as women; hence, both national law and community norms are of paramount importance.
  • Peruvian law protects women and promotes equity in general terms, but not specifically in laws regarding land tenure or for native communities.
  • Interviews with government officials responsible for formalizing land in Peru demonstrate less awareness of genderrelated concerns than similar officials in Uganda, Indonesia and Nepal.
  • Household survey results show important gender differences in forest use, forest management and decision-making, and in perceptions on the fairness of rules, tenure security and drivers of insecurity related to titling and formalization processes.
  • Ways forward include capacity building for women to better participate in formalization processes as well as gender awareness for mainstreaming women’s perspectives; gender training and reflection for government, indigenous federations and communities; and greater articulation between government officials and communities, with the support of NGOs and women’s organizations and federations.

Authors: Larson, A.M.; Monterroso, I.; Canturias, P.

Topic: gender, tenure, local communities, community forestry

Geographic: Peru

Series: CIFOR Infobrief no. 238

Pages: 8p

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2019

DOI: 10.17528/cifor/007108


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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