Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Conclusions: Lessons for the path to a transformational REDD+

Conclusions: Lessons for the path to a transformational REDD+

Key messages

  • Results-based payment, REDD+’s innovative feature, has largely gone untested. International funding (both public and private) remains scarce, and demand through carbon markets is lacking.
  • REDD+ helped forests gain prominence on the international and some national policy agendas. National REDD+ initiatives improved countries’ monitoring capacities and understanding of drivers, increased stakeholder involvement, and provided a platform to secure indigenous and community land rights. Local REDD+ initiatives have achieved modest but positive outcomes for forests. Well-being impacts have been limited and mixed, but are more likely to be positive when incentive components are included.
  • For REDD+ to be effective, forest-based mitigation needs to be incorporated in national development and climate action plans, and mainstreamed across sectors and levels of government. A strong positive narrative on how forests contribute to economic development and climate goals can support this integration.

Authors: Angelsen, A.; Martius, C.; de Sy, V.; Duchelle, A.E.; Larson, A.M.; Pham, T.T.

Topic: climate change, ecosystem services, mitigation, emissions, forests

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2018

ISBN: 978-602-387-079-0

Source: A. Angelsen, C. Martius, V. de Sy, A.E. Duchelle, A.M. Larson, Pham T.T. (eds.) Transforming REDD+: Lessons and new directions. 203-214

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later