Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

People and communities: Well-being impacts of REDD+ on the ground

People and communities: Well-being impacts of REDD+ on the ground

Key messages

  • Several studies on well-being outcomes of REDD+ interventions found small or mixed effects on livelihoods or welfare, which were more likely to be positive when incentives were offered.
  • The slow pace of REDD+ implementation, and lack of robust studies quantifying both its forest/land-use and well-being outcomes, make it difficult to draw conclusions about trade-offs. But separate evidence on similar local-level PES initiatives points to challenges for designing REDD+ initiatives that are both effective at reducing forest carbon emissions and strongly pro-poor.
  • Results that are more equitable and long-lasting are more likely when local people are genuinely involved in REDD+ programme design and implementation.

Authors: Duchelle, A.E.; de Sassi, C.; Sills, E.O.; Wunder, S.

Topic: climate change, ecosystem services, mitigation, emissions, forests

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2018

ISBN: 978-602-387-079-0

Source: A. Angelsen, C. Martius, V. de Sy, A.E. Duchelle, A.M. Larson, Pham T.T. (eds.) Transforming REDD+: Lessons and new directions. 131-143

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later