This book aims to take stock of REDD+ progress, point to critical issues, and suggest how to move forward so that REDD+ and other, newer climate mitigation initiatives are effective, efficient and equitable. We aim to be constructive critics: critical, because the world cannot afford projects and policies that do not help reduce emissions; and constructive, because if the world fails to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation it is unlikely to stay below the 1.5°C (or even 2°C) target. As we point to ways forward, we also aim to stimulate reflection and discussion.
In a previous book (Angelsen et al. 2012, 23), we proposed that REDD+ research is progressing through three generations or phases, mirroring the three phases of REDD+ itself: (i) designing REDD+ and learning from related experiences in the past; (ii) the political economy and implementation of REDD+; and (iii) assessing the impacts of REDD+. The first two edited REDD+ volumes from CIFOR were first-generation research outputs: Moving Ahead with REDD: Issues, options and implications (Angelsen 2008) and Realising REDD+: National strategy and policy options (Angelsen et al. 2009). The next volume, Analysing REDD+: Challenges and choices (Angelsen et al. 2012), moved into second-generation research, analysing actual REDD+ design and early implementation.
The current and fourth volume includes research covering all three phases. We have data albeit far from perfect that enable us to make preliminary conclusions about the progress and impacts of national and subnational REDD+ initiatives. Yet, the basic design issues (e.g., of results-based payment systems) and coordination and implantation of REDD+ policies across levels and between sectors are still central to the REDD+ debate.
Topic: climate change, ecosystem services, mitigation, emissions, forests
Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia
Publication Year: 2018
Source: A. Angelsen, C. Martius, V. de Sy, A.E. Duchelle, A.M. Larson, Pham T.T. (eds.) Transforming REDD+: Lessons and new directions. 1-16Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.