- REDD+ is an inherently multilevel process that requires attention across diverse levels and sectors of governance to bring about change on the ground.
- REDD+ strategies often focus on direct drivers of deforestation (and local actors). Effectively addressing the underlying causes likely requires challenging more powerful actors and development trajectories.
- Despite tensions over roles and responsibilities, subnational governments are engaging in important land-use debates and local decision making as new opportunities and innovations in multilevel governance emerge.
- Top-down solutions need to meet bottom-up realities with greater accountability, for example, by recognizing indigenous peoples and local communities as substantive rights-holders.
- Coordination across levels and sectors cannot always be achieved through negotiation: REDD+ and similar initiatives must go beyond technical criteria, engage with politics and support social movements to strengthen transformative coalitions.
Topic: governance, deforestation, climate change
Series: CIFOR Infobrief no. 235
Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia
Publication Year: 2018Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.