Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Independent Monitoring: Building trust and consensus around GHG data for increased accountability of mitigation in the land use sector

Independent Monitoring: Building trust and consensus around GHG data for increased accountability of mitigation in the land use sector

The Paris Agreement stresses the importance of the land use sector and many countries have included land use sector targets in their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). They will need to account for emissions and removals from the sector in a manner that promotes transparency, accuracy, completeness, comparability and consistency. Stakeholders involved have therefore called for “independent monitoring” (IM) approaches, i.e. authoritative, unbiased sources of information that they could rely on for their specific needs. More and more datasets and portals that serve these needs have recently emerged (e.g. Global Forest Watch, OpenForis). A stakeholder survey was carried out to identify the level of satisfaction with existing datasets and portals. These were also assessed in a SWORG analysis. We identified common misunderstandings and challenges, such as technical data issues, difficulties regarding data use and interpretation and issues of access and capacities. There is also a lack of awareness and capacities to use IM approaches. In four case studies we illustrate possible pathways to overcome these challenges. We present key elements that are considered to be essential for effective use of IM approaches for land use sector MRV. Bringing the assessment of user needs, opportunities for existing approaches and identification of gaps together, we formulate concrete recommendations for specific stakeholder groups, including data providers and users.

Authors: Böttcher, H.; Herrmann, L.M.; Herold, M.; Romijn, E.; Román-Cuesta, R.M.; Avitabile, V.; de Sy, V.; Martius, C.; Gaveau, D.L.A.; Fritz, S.; Schepaschenko, D.; Dunwoody, A.

Topic: data collection, greenhouse gases, land use, emissions

Pages: 111p

Publisher: Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg

Publication Year: 2018

ISBN: 978-92-79-79353-0


Altmetric score:

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later