Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Forests and human well-being

Forests and human well-being

Tens of millions of rural households in tropical countries gain significant income, food, fuel and shelter from forests, which also contribute to the wider local and national economy. However, the part forests play in human well-being and prosperity is often underappreciated or overlooked by strict conservation approaches and poverty-reduction policies. As a result, missed opportunities and unintended consequences can further drive forest loss and undercut rural livelihoods. New patterns – such as rapid land use changes and fast growth in migration and urbanization in developing countries – raise additional questions and require novel approaches.

The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is building evidence of how forests contribute to human wellbeing, to give policy makers the solid base they need to make effective decisions that support both forests and people.

Authors: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

Topic: livelihoods, ecosystem services

Series: CIFOR Factsheet

Pages: 2p

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2017

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later