Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Experiences, lessons and future directions for forest landscape restoration in Indonesia

Experiences, lessons and future directions for forest landscape restoration in Indonesia

Indonesia has had considerable experience in implementing more than 150 projects, in more than 400 locations, on forest rehabilitation and mining reclamation in the past four decades (Nawir et al. 2007a). However, forest landscape restoration (FLR), implemented over the past four or five years, is considered a recent initiative. The IUCN, ITTO and Tropenbos International Indonesia Programme (TBI Indonesia) led the initiative in voluntarily developing Principles and Guidelines on Landscape Restoration for Indonesia by involving different stakeholder groups, such as the government, private companies and international organizations as part of the Working Group on FLR (National GPFLR 2009).

In facilitating Indonesia as it moves forward in the direction of FLR, this paper summarizes the main issues that are useful as a basis for designing future scenarios from past and current experiences gained from implementing various forest rehabilitation projects.

The paper takes into account extensive studies and experiences of the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), TBI Indonesia, WWF Indonesia and the local government of Sumbawa District. It relies strongly on the CIFOR study in Indonesia on ‘Review of Forest Rehabilitation – Lessons from the Past’ implemented in collaboration with the Forestry Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Forestry (Nawir et al. 2007a). TBI Indonesia has experience in facilitating the Working Group on FLR, as well as the promotion and establishment of nine learning sites uploaded to the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration website as part of FLR implementation projects. Lastly, WWF Indonesia and the local government of Sumbawa District have been involved in implementing FLR through the forest management unit (FMU) or Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan (KPH) and this is presented in this paper as one of the case studies.

Authors: Nawir, A.A.; Gunarso, P.; Santoso, H.; Julmansyah; Hakim, M.R.

Topic: forests,restoration,landscape,forest management

Geographic: Indonesia

Publisher: FAO and RECOFTC, Bangkok, Thailand

Publication Year: 2016

ISBN: 978-92-5-109094-7

Source: Simmathiri Appanah (ed.) Forest landscape restoration for Asia-Pacific forests. 53-78

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later