Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

REDD+ Subnational Initiatives

REDD+ Subnational Initiatives

REDD+ Subnational Initiatives examines how REDD+ projects canbe designed and implemented so that their outcomes are effective, effi cient and equitable and they deliver co-benefi ts.

Although REDD+ is still being negotiated in international arenas, some 200 subnational forest carbon initiatives are already underway around the world.1 These interventions aim to increase forest carbon stocks relative to business-as-usual scenarios (i.e., the scenario if there were no intervention).
How successful are these interventions likely to be? Will their outcomes be effi cient, equitable and effective? Will they deliver co-benefi ts such as improved livelihoods and protection of rights, tenure and biodiversity? What conditions and activities help or hinder these projects in achieving their aims? How can they get the necessary support from local people?
To help answer these questions, we collect and analyze socioeconomic and biophysical baseline data at 23 REDD+ project sites in six countries, encompassing more than 170 villages and nearly 4000 households. To ensure effects are appropriately attributed to the projects, we compare data before and after, and with and without, an intervention.

Authors: CIFOR;

Topic: climatic change, REDD, deforestation, degradation, mitigation

Series: CIFOR Factsheet

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2013

DOI: 10.17528/cifor/004261

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Altmetric score:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later