The evolution of REDD+: A political economy framework

The evolution of REDD+: A political economy framework
As an idea, REDD+ proved extremely popular, in part because it was sufficiently broad to accommodate different interests. But the concept has evolved, driven by the absence of a new international climate agreement, strong business as usual interests, a large number of actors with diverging agendas, and experience in the field.
Major changes in REDD+ include the following: i) the focus has moved from carbon only to multiple objectives; ii) the policies adopted so far are not only, or even primarily, directed at achieving result-based payments; iii) the subnational and project, rather than national, levels are receiving a large share of resources; and iv) the funding to date is mainly from international aid and the national budgets of REDD+ countries, and not from carbon markets.

The initial characteristic of REDD+ that made it different from past efforts in the forestry sector – significant result-based funding – is at risk of being overshadowed by other objectives and approaches, thus endangering the effectiveness of REDD+.

Authors: Angelsen, A.; McNeill, D.

Publisher: Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2012

Source: Angelsen, A., Brockhaus, M., Sunderlin, W.D. and Verchot, L. (eds) Analysing REDD+: Challenges and choices. 31-48

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