This paper discusses the challenges and opportunities associated with developing and implementing National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) in Least Developed Countries. It uses a multiple scale approach in linking local priorities for adaptation and national priorities listed as NAPA interventions to examine the outcome of the NAPA process in Burkina Faso. The study also examines how the NAPA process considers ecosystem services and reflects the views of different social groups. The results show that participatory processes were not effectively integrated at the local level, but that broader and active participation of local communities, although important, is not always necessary. The proposed priority projects were limited to the institutional and specialized fields of the experts who conducted the NAPA process. However, these priority projects do generally reflect the priorities of the study area communities. These priorities include water resources, agricultural and livestock productivity, and forestry, and all depend directly or indirectly on ecosystem services. Factors determining the success of a NAPA are the level of funding, effectiveness of the coordination and implementation of the NAPA, and the importance decision makers give to adaptation. It is also important to focus on vulnerable groups, conduct regular reviews and improvements, and strengthen institutional collaboration. The study offers recommendations and concludes that ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can be used to enhance the resilience of communities and ecosystems.
Topic: adaptation,participation,climatic change
Geographic: Burkina Faso
Publication Year: 2011
Source: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change : 535553