Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: What scope for payments for environmental services?

Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: What scope for payments for environmental services?

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in payments for environmental services (PES) for ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA). So far, however, experiences and theoretical analyses of PES specifically for adaptation have not been well documented. This paper addresses this gap by analysing the opportunities and constraints of PES as an instrument for EBA. Specifically, we examine the potential for PES to address key elements for adaptation by focusing on three pathways: the user side, the provider side and institutional and societal change. In addition, we assess whether PES fulfils key requirements for adaptation policy instruments, notably effectiveness, efficiency, equity and legitimacy. We find that PES are not a panacea for all environmental services and country contexts, but can be promising adaptation policy instruments where certain preconditions are met and synergies prevail. We conclude on four points especially relevant for the practical scope for PES-adaptation synergies: (i) natural adaptation co-benefits (where the targeted environmental service serves a dual function, e.g. secured water quality and increased adaptive capacity), (ii) piggy-backing (where adaptation benefits are coincidental outcomes), (iii) adaptation-relevant institutional and sectoral spillovers from PES schemes, and (iv) direct payments for adaptation benefits.

Authors: Wertz-Kanounnikoff, S.; Locatelli, B.; Wunder, S.; Brockhaus, M.

Topic: adaptation,climate change,ecosystems

Publication Year: 2011

ISSN: 1756-5529

Source: Climate and Development 3(2): 143-158

DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2011.582277

Altmetric score:


Export Citation

Related viewing

Top

CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on cifor.org. This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us: cifor@cgiar.org

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later