Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Participatory methods for planning the future in forest communities

Participatory methods for planning the future in forest communities

Forest devolution and government decentralization have increased community
control over forests. Remoteness, low literacy, and lack of formal planning
experience often leave forest communities unprepared for their new responsibilities.
Forest communities need to develop skills that allow them to establish goals and
make decisions transparently and democratically and to negotiate effectively with
other local actors if they are to become more proactive participants in local governance
processes. In Bolivia and Vietnam we tested four adaptations of scenario-based
methods to assist forest communities to develop these skills. This article reflects on
the strengths, limitations, and new applications of these methods. The methods
encourage participation by members who have little experience with structured
planning, including the most marginalized: women, elderly, and illiterate participants.
The methods are useful as planning tools, for generating records of decisionmaking
processes, and for preparing for negotiations between communities and local

Authors: Evans, K.; de Jong, W.; Cronkleton, P.; Nghi, Tran Huu

Topic: decentralization,participatory rural appraisal,communities,community involvement,gender

Geographic: Bolivia,Vietnam

Publication Year: 2010

ISSN: 0894-1920

Source: Society and Natural Resources 23(7): 604 - 619

DOI: 10.1080/08941920802713572

Altmetric score:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later