Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Impacts of trade on growth, distribution and the environment in forest communities

Impacts of trade on growth, distribution and the environment in forest communities

This paper develops a microeconomic framework to assess how opening up for trade will affect the overall welfare and its distribution within a forest community, as well as the impact on the environment. Whereas trade will increase overall welfare, it usually creates both winners and losers. The increased scale of the activity caused by trade is likely to have negative impacts on the environment when viewed in isolation, but it may also shift resources away from destructive activities. The paper briefly presents some tentative conclusions based on fieldwork in Sumatra, Indonesia.

Authors: Angelsen, A.

Topic: forests,communities,growth,distribution,environment

Series: Proceedings from Workshop on Trade Impacts on Forest Communities’, Aatvidaberg, Sweden, 18-20. January 1998

Publication Year: 1998

Source: A paper presented at a workshop on Trade Impacts on Forest Communities. Aatvidaberg, Sweden, 18-20 January 1998 (has not been published). 1-13

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later