Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Partnerships for involving small-scale growers in commercial forestry: lessons from Australia and Indonesia

Partnerships for involving small-scale growers in commercial forestry: lessons from Australia and Indonesia

The trade relationship between small-scale growers and processing companies often plays an important role in determining the nature and extent of benefi ts derived from commercial forestry, and the distribution of these benefi ts. Many strategies are used by individual small-scale growers, village communities, companies and government agencies to form partnerships to undertake commercial forestry – including outgrower schemes, land leasing by companies, and using intermediary brokers between small-scale growers and processors. This article reports on the key fi ndings of a three-year research project that explored different business partnerships used in commercial forestry in Australia and Indonesia, and identifi ed the critical factors for benefi cial and enduring partnerships. The key lessons from this research are that, for many small-scale growers to form successful partnerships with other investors, they need:

Authors: Race, D.; Bisjoe, A.R.; Hakim, M.R.; Hayati, N.; Julmansyah; Kadir, A; Kurniawan; Kusumedi, P.; Nawir, A.A.; Nurhaedah; Perbatasari, D.U.; Purwanti, R.; Rohadi, D.; Stewart, H.; Sumirat, B; Suwarno, A.

Topic: small businesses,partnerships,forest products

Geographic: Indonesia,Australia

Publication Year: 2009

ISSN: 1465-5489

Source: International Forestry Review 11(1): 88-97

DOI: 10.1505/ifor.11.1.88

Altmetric score:

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later