Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Stimulating smallholder tree planting – lessons from Africa and Asia

Stimulating smallholder tree planting – lessons from Africa and Asia

This article describes some different schemes through which smallholders participate in establishing and managing productive plantations. These reflect a continuum from management by tree growers themselves to private corporate initiatives, with government-initiated collaborative management in between. For each of these schemes, the article identifies key incentives – defined as “payments or services that increase the comparative advantage of forest plantations over other land use options and thus stimulate investments in plantation establishment and management” (Enters, Durst and Brown, 2003) – that can promote smallholder involvement in tree planting, although the strategies of course vary according to the country and the local conditions. The article highlights the importance of supportive policies and legislation, and clear, secure forest land tenure and management rights as enabling conditions for sustainable smallholder tree growing.

Authors: Nawir, A.A.; Kassa, H.; Sandewall, M.; Dore, D.; Campbell, B.M.; Ohlsson, B.; Bekele, M.

Topic: forest plantations,timber production,small farms,collaboration,community forestry,incentives,forest policy,companies

Geographic: Ethiopia,Indonesia,South Africa,Vietnam

Publication Year: 2007

ISSN: 0041-6436

Source: Unasylva 58(228): 53-57

Download Option:

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later