Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Site-level strategies for managing secondary forests

Site-level strategies for managing secondary forests

This chapter sets out the possible management objectives and technical options for managing secondary forests as part of an forest landscape rehabilitation (FLR) program. The two main alternative strategies – managing improved fallows without compromising agricultural production, and managing forests for production or conservation purposes – are discussed, together with the types of conditions that favour one above the other. There is considerable ambiguity and confusion in the current use of the term ‘secondary forest’ both in the literature and in people’s perceptions. The term has been applied to numerous types of forests with different characteristics and arising from many different processes. ITTO (2002) defines it as: woody vegetation regrowing on land that was largely cleared of its original forest cover (ie carried less than 10% of the original forest cover).

Authors: Sabogal, C.

Topic: secondary forests,landscape,landscape ecology,rehabilitation,fallow systems,conservation,terminology,planning

Series: ITTO Technical Series no. 23

Publisher: ITTO, Tokyo, Japan

Publication Year: 2005

ISBN: 4-902045-23-0

Source: International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) Restoring forest landscapes: an introduction to the art and science of forest landscape restoration. 91-100

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later