Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

CIMAT (criteria and indicators modification and adaptation tool) version 2: criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management

CIMAT (criteria and indicators modification and adaptation tool) version 2: criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management

The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) has carried out research to develop Criteria and Indicators for sustainable forest management (C&I) in eight countries since 1994. In the CIFOR framework C&I are organised hierarchically as principles, criteria, indicators, and verifiers. Based on an analysis and synthesis of the C&I research a set of C&I has been identified that can form the starting point for developing localised sets of criteria and indicators. This set is called the “Generic Template”. A Knowledge based system called CIMAT (Criteria and Indicators Modification and Adapation Tool) has now been developed to support the process of developing locally adapted C&I using the Generic Template are represented as items that can be modified by the user. The modification can only take place when users explain their reason for the change. All the reasons in the system can be made dependent upon one to another, they can be revised during modification, and they can be counter-argued by other users. The need to represent and maintain these reasons and their interdependencies is resolved through the use of a reason maintenance system (RMS). Another meta-level component of CIMAT is its ability to compare and analyze multiple knowledge bases.

Authors: Prabhu, R.; Haggith, M.; Purnomo, H.; Ritchie, B.; Rizal, A.; Sukadri, D.; Taylor, J.; Yasmi, Y.

Topic: computer software,expert systems,natural resources,resource management,sustainability,forest management,criteria,indicators

Series: C&I Toolbox Series no. 3

Pages: 1 CD-ROM and 1 user manual.

Publisher: CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia

Publication Year: 2000

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later