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Conservation and development in Amazonian extractive reserves: the case of Alto Jurua

Conservation and development in Amazonian extractive reserves: the case of Alto Jurua

Extractive reserves constitute an innovative approach to match conservation and
development objectives, which were originally envisaged as part of a land struggle by
forest dwellers in Brazil. In spite of the idea’s popularity and the attempts to apply the
concept to different tropical regions, there has been little analysis of the combined
conservation and development performance of extractive reserve programs. We present
a detailed analysis of deforestation and demographic and socioeconomic changes in
Alto Jurua´, the first extractive reserve created in Brazil in 1990. Forest cover has
remained fairly stable. Population has declined slightly, with some internal
displacements. The cash economy base has shifted from the original rubber production
to a diversified portfolio of agriculture and livestock, and there has been a dramatic
rise in nonagrarian income. We conclude that the Reserve represents a very dynamic
setting with positive conservation and development outcomes during its first decade.

Authors: Ruiz Perez, M.; Almeida, M.; Dewi, S.; Costa, E.M.L.; Pantoja, M.C.; Puntodewo, A.; Postigo, A.A.; de Andrade, A.G.

Topic: forest resources,conservation,development,forest cover,deforestation,demography,socioeconomics

Geographic: Brazil,Amazonia

Publication Year: 2005

ISSN: 0044-7447

Source: Ambio 34(3): 218-223

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