Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Tropical peatlands management and climate change: a case study in Sumatra, Indonesia

Tropical peatlands management and climate change: a case study in Sumatra, Indonesia

Tropical peatland is an important terrestrial carbon pool and habitat of endemic species that requires sustainable management for the benefit of local livelihoods and global climate. The size of carbon stocks and accumulation are staggering but there is no clear and easy access to markets for tropical peatland conservation. Meanwhile the benefits of environmental services are largerly enjoyed by national wealthier and global beneficieries. This paper demonstrates the loss of carbon at various sites as part of development opportunity at various peatland environments and social structure. Peatland development in the tropics including Indonesia is driven by the increasing need for land, food, and fiber under the pressure of population growth. In Sumatra, where peatland covered an area of 7.2 Mha in 1990 was estimated that it has reduced to 6.5 Mha in the recent survey in 2002. The common practice in peatland development is deforestation followed by extensive drainage before settlement and agricultural development taking place. Under such conditions it is estimated that Sumatran peatlands have released 3.47 Gt C contributing to global climate change, in addition to the emerging local environmental problems, such as flooding and drought leading to soil acidity and fires.

Authors: Murdiyarso, D.; Suryadiputra, I.N.; Wahyunto

Topic: deforestation,carbon,emission,peatlands,climate change,water management,conferences

Geographic: Indonesia,Sumatra

Publisher: International Peat Society, Jyvaskyla, Finland

Publication Year: 2004

ISBN: 952-99401-0-6

Source: Juhani Paivanen (ed.) Proceedings of the 12th International Peat Congress on Wise Use of Peatlands, 6-11 June 2004, Tampere, Finland: vol.1 - oral presentations. 698-706

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later