Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Municipios e gestao florestal na Amazonia: introducao e marco teorico

Municipios e gestao florestal na Amazonia: introducao e marco teorico

In this chapter, the authors discuss the history of decentralization in Brazil, analyze the institutional and legal characteristics of the Brazilian political system concerning decentralization and build a theoretical framework for the case studies. Brazil has experienced cycles of centralization and decentralization since its independency, in 1822. The 1988 constitution sparked a strong and sustained cycle of decentralization. The country has a strong federal system, in which municipalities get a fair share of federal taxes and already are able to control education and health policies and services. Decentralization in the forest and environment sectors still lag behind. Municipal governments do not have interest in controlling and taxing the forest sector for political reasons and due to the very nature of the fiscal federalism. Yet, in spite of the slow advances and lack of a formal decentralization program, the Brazilian Constitution and laws grant state and municipal governments enough power to take action in these sectors. Municipalities can restrict land use and create protected areas in their territories. However, local governments in Amazonia do not frequently use this and other prerogatives.

Authors: Toni, F.; Kaimowitz, D.

Topic: decentralization,history,institutions,law,forest policy,land use,local government

Geographic: Brazil,Amazonia

Publisher: A.S. Editores, Natal

Publication Year: 2003

Source: Toni, F., Kaimowitz, D. Municipios e gestao florestal na Amazonia. 23-63

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later