Get the CIFOR publications update

CIFOR publishes over 400 publications every year on forests and climate change, landscape restoration, rights, forest policy, agroforestry and much more in multiple languages.

Qualitative multi-criteria approaches to assessing indicators of sustainable forest resource management

Qualitative multi-criteria approaches to assessing indicators of sustainable forest resource management

Criteria and indicators (C&I) have become primary tools in implementing the principle of
sustainable resource management. To carry out this principle, it is necessary to
develop methodologies that can holistically and systematically generate relevant
indicators for a particular forest or resource management unit. This paper describes
some methodologies that can be used as tools to carry out structured analysis of C&I.
Multi-criteria analysis (MCA) is used as a decision-making tool to analyze and
evaluate multiple C&I under a participatory group decision-making environment. Use of
the method enables the generation of C&I, estimation of their relative importance,
estimation of the performance of each indicator relative to its desired condition, and
assessment of the indicators’ combined effect or impact. In addition to generating C&I
and estimating their relative importance and performance, the paper also presents a
soft methodology, called cognitive mapping, which can be used to assess the cross
indicator interaction, linkages, and connectivities of the indicators. The method
attempts to evaluate the overall cumulative impacts of all indicators, individually and
collectively, as they impact sustainability directly and indirectly through their
interactions with other indicators.

Authors: Mendoza, G.A.; Prabhu, R.

Topic: selection criteria,indicators,evaluation,forest management,sustainability,methodology

Publication Year: 2003

ISSN: 0378-1127

Source: Forest Ecology and Management 174: 329-343

Export Citation

Related viewing


CIFOR website usability survey

We're conducting research on our website and we'd love to hear from you about your experience on This will help us make improvements and prioritize new features. The survey should only take 5 minutes, and your responses are completely anonymous.

If you have any questions about the survey, please email us:

We really appreciate your input!

Start survey
I don’t want to participate
Remind me later