Gender aspects of land tenure
Gender gaps in forest tenure reforms in Peru: The impact of expectations on the household incomes of native communities
Forest tenure reforms in Peru have transferred use and management rights to indigenous peoples and local communities. In an effort to promote gender equality, the State has promoted joint land titling – that is, shared by women and men. This session discusses what happens when women and men within a household perceive that they have not equally benefitted from these reforms. Data from a 2015 survey of 526 Peruvian households indicate that such differing perceptions could lead to decreased household income. Understanding how women experience the effects of forest tenure reforms can help inform future efforts to increase equality.
Linking tenure to planning in forest land
Tenure security and forest landscape restoration: Results from exploratory research in Boeny, Madagascar
Initiatives to restore forest landscapes are likely to impact millions of hectares and people over the coming decades.
Drawing on recent fieldwork in western Madagascar, this session outlines opportunities for improving how such initiatives
are implemented. Notably, the fieldwork indicates that implementers of restoration initiatives should take care when communicating about restoration, making sure to include all nuances. While tenure security is considered essential to increase uptake of restoration practices, implementers also need to properly understand different tenure types – such as individual and collective – and their associated degree of tenure security. Developing other options for attaining tenure security – beyond formalization – could strengthen restoration initiatives.
Presentation: Tenure security and Forest Landscape Restoration in Boeny, Madagascar
F.J. Renaud Randrianasolo
Linking tenure to planning in forest land
Best-bet options for ensuring tropical forest conservation and livelihoods development: Evidence from the community forest concessions in Petén, Guatemala
The Maya Biosphere Reserve in Petén, Guatemala, is a prominent example of how both communities and forests can benefit when local communities gain forest rights. Between 1994 and 2002, 12 forest concessions were granted to communities that established community forest enterprises. A review of the enterprises revealed that when successful, they contributed to both forest conservation and livelihoods development. Join this session to learn more about the multitude of factors that determine how community forest enterprises can grow successful – or fail. These insights can be used to inform community stewardship models for tropical forests elsewhere.
Can participatory land use planning help secure tenure?
Context, power, equity and effectiveness in territorial planning multi-stakeholder commissions: A comparative analysis of two very different Brazilian States
Multi-stakeholder forums are gaining popularity as an innovative approach to land use planning, used to establish good, participatory governance. However, whether such forums are effective tools for achieving sustainable land use remains an open question. This session will explore possible answers by examining an analysis of two multi-stakeholder commissions established in the Brazilian states of Acre and Mato Grosso. The analysis highlights how the differences in context and design of the commissions influence equity and sustainability outcomes.
Recognizing women’s rights over common resources
Women’s tenure security on collective lands: Implications for measurement and policy
The growing efforts to establish tenure security for women are generally focused on individual or household-level land rights – not women’s rights under collective tenure and common property systems, such as forests and rangelands. A framework for assessing women’s tenure security on collective lands will be presented in this session. Presenters will highlight the factors that influence women’s security of land rights in these contexts and will identify the implications for policies and programs that aim to protect or strengthen women’s rights to collective resources.
Special event hosted by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Bioversity International, Rainforest Alliance and the World Bank
Socioeconomic performance of the community forest concessions in Petén, Guatemala, and implications for community stewardship of tropical forests
This panel discussion will take its starting point from an in-depth review of 12 community forest enterprises in the Maya Biosphere Reserve in Petén, Guatemala. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, communities were granted forest concessions for an area of more than 400,000 ha. So far, most of the 12 enterprises have been widely successful in restoring forest resources and improving local livelihoods. The panel discussion will focus on the role of communities as both beneficiaries and stewards of forest conservation; the strong case made for renewing communities’ concessions once they expire; and lessons on the role of communities in forest conservation and rural development.
Presenter and discussant