Bioenergy plants grown on degraded peatlands can serve the double function of restoration and providing a sustainable source of energy. With demand for sustainable energy growing significantly across the world, including in the global South and tropical peatland regions, there is an urgent need to rebuild resilient landscapes with multiple functions. Knowing which bioenergy crops are suitable for cultivation on degraded lands is vital. Other crucial considerations include how such crops can enhance incomes for communities, and support biodiversity and sustainable development. The use of agroforestry systems can be a win-win solution offering agricultural production with fewer damaging environmental consequences.