Current trends to improve the adaptiveness of community forest management focus on monitoring past actions and emphasize internal dynamics. We show how scenario methods can be used to 1) enable managers to better understand landscape and larger scale forces for change and to work with stakeholders at these levels and 2) improve adaptiveness not only by responding to changes, but also by anticipating them. We review methods related to scenario analysis and discuss how they can be adapted to community management settings to improve the responsiveness and the collaboration among stakeholders.
L. Buck, C.C. Geisler, J. Schelhas, E. Wollenberg (eds.). 2001. Biological diversity: balancing interests through adaptive collaborative management. 329-347