Forest landscape restoration in Madagascar is likely to target forests and pasturelands managed as commons under customary tenure claims that are unrecognized by the state.
Efforts to promote policy reforms that recognize customary claims to commons are hampered by limited information about the tenure systems that govern these spaces.
Policy makers must recognize the diversity in Malagasy tenure systems when crafting legislation that recognizes customary claims to commons.
The extent to which traditional authorities retain legitimacy is arguably a major factor in whether customary tenure systems in rural Madagascar provide stable and effective frameworks through which rights to land and resources are allocated and conflicts resolved.
Action-research is needed to bridge the gap between state law and local practices with respect to women’s land rights.