What happens after conservation payments stop? Key findings from REDD+ in Brazil

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Key messages

  • We assess the impacts of a REDD+ project that paid smallholders to reduce deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon, during and after payments.
  • We find that payments were effective at reducing deforestation, but only while they were ongoing.
  • After payments had ended, deforestation resumed, but not at a rate that eliminated previous forest conservation outcomes.
  • Deforestation reductions required payments, but the environmental gains lasted.


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