Long-term follow-up is essential to support and assess the environmental and socioeconomic outcomes of reforestation activities and improved cookstove adoption.
Ongoing and ‘refresher’ training of actors to build and maintain specific capacities is important, given the time needed for trees to mature and the relatively short lifetime of a cookstove made with clay.
Indicators to monitor the durability and scalability of reforestation initiatives are needed to ensure that when activities deviate from the plan they can be corrected in time, and address the actors and technological aspects.
International organizations that fund or implement such projects should consider the views of the local communities and build a framework that involves both men and women, as well as both host and refugee communities.
This model from East Cameroon could be useful for scaling out to other settlements, as it is based on an integrated landscape and value chain approach.