This chapter summarizes CIFOR's work on social criteria and indicators (C&I), developed within commercial establishments oriented toward timber harvesting. These C&I are then examined from the point of view of protected areas, based on Colfer's experience managing an Indonesian wildlife reserve in 1992-93. The conclusion is that almost all of the social C&I are equally applicable to protected areas, with only slight changes in wording.
Louise E. Buck, Charles C. Geisler, John Schelhas, Eva Wollenberg (eds.). 2001. Biological diversity: balancing interests through adaptive collaborative management. 293-311