Mangrove environmental services and local livelihoods in Vietnam

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Key messages

  • Mangroves not only play an important role in climate change adaptation and mitigation, but also provide natural, social, human, financial and physical capital for local livelihoods in Vietnam.
  • Successful mangrove conservation policies and projects need to address drivers of mangrove loss, enhance all five forms of sustainable livelihood capital for local people, and adopt inclusive and participatory decision making.
  • Equitable benefit-sharing mechanisms and mutually beneficial and trust-based collaboration between stakeholders are also needed.


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