The traditional rural population of Indonesia is highly dependent on forests for their livelihoods, including both products and services for both market and subsistence. Thus, their livelihoods are threatened by economic development activities that lead to deforestation. In this context, REDD+ can potentially be a win-win for local and global populations, protecting livelihoods while it mitigates climate change. However, there is significant controversy over whether REDD+ can achieve this potential. The controversy partly reflects highly varied understandings about what REDD+ really is and how it will be implemented on the ground.
North Carolina State University