This brief explores Indonesia’s national environment and development policy climate and whether it is conducive to operationalizing an integrated landscape approach (ILA). The findings presented here complement a parallel infobrief by Maryani et al. (2021).
We find policies and development plans such as the One Map policy, Social Forestry program, and Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil policy embody the overarching principles of a landscape approach (i.e. multiple land uses, multi-stakeholder collaboration, etc.). However, in many cases, these well-intended policies do not translate into practice at the local scale.
Challenge areas include: identifying common concern entry points, clarifying rights and responsibilities, enhancing stakeholder capacity, meaningful engagement of multiple stakeholders, and identifying a negotiated and transparent change logic.
We suggest that a greater commitment to these principles and the adoption of a landscape approach holds potential to enhance Indonesian policy performance and ensure that policy development is more representative of national and local concerns and practices.