Putumayo, Colombia: Low-emission rural development (LED-R) at a glance

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  • ~19% of the department is within the National System of Protected Areas
  • Located in Andes-Amazon region, with wide ecological & cultural diversity
  • Trinational region borders both Ecuador & Peru, complicating governance of environmental issues in shared Putumayo River basin
  • Highest number of green business initiatives of any jurisdiction within the Corporation for Sustainable Development in the Southern Amazon (Corpoamazonia, environmental authority of the region) such as ecotourism & the use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs, e.g., açai) for export to the USA & Europe
  • Expansion of the mining industry at the national level discourages rural business development & threatens indigenous territories, & lack of subnational conservation policies exacerbates vulnerability to impacts of extractivism
  • 14% indigenous population; 55 indigenous territories cover ~8% of the department


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