- Stakeholders have different roles in the co-production of ecosystem services, e.g. they can be direct or indirect managers or beneficiaries.
- There are mismatches between those who manage and those who depend on or benefit from ecosystem services.
- Different forms of inequities are tied to these roles and can threaten the resilience of socio-ecological systems.
- Power asymmetries influence stakeholders’ roles in relation to ecosystem services, including their participation in ecosystem services governance.
- Insights into roles, power and inequities can be useful for designing participatory governance mechanisms.
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Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Vallet, A.; Locatelli, B.; Pramova, E.