Conclusion and the way forward

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Although the term “landscape approach” was initially coined by the conservation biologist Reed Noss in 1983, it was not until after the 1992 Rio Summit that the term gathered momentum in the conservation and development lexicon. The promise and potential of landscape approaches have been central tenets in the sustainable development discourse since then. Numerous institutions, including CIFOR, have integrated landscape approaches (ILA) within their research and development strategies.

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