Amazonas, Brazil: Low-emission rural development (LED-R) at a glance

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  • Largest Brazilian state by area, with 97% of forest area intact
  • 28% of state land in indigenous territories & 12% in protected areas - including the 1st sustainable development reserve (RDS) nationwide (Mamirauá)
  • State environmental policies generally prioritize social & biodiversity impacts over emission reduction
  • Introduction of Green Free Trade Zone Program (ZFV) in 2003 represented a new paradigm of government prioritizing forest protection
  • 2003-2008: Deforestation fell 61%, state economy grew 9% annually, & protected areas increased 135%


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