West Kalimantan, Indonesia: Low-emission rural development (LED-R) at a glance

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  • Forest cover, including peat swamp forest and mangrove, is 38% of West Kalimantan (WK), with 25% of the province in conservation & watershed-protection areas
  • Indigenous peoples (IP) comprise majority of population: the Dayak (35%) occupy most inland landscapes & the Malays (34%) occupy coastal & riverine areas
  • Agriculture, forestry & fisheries sector contributes 20% of provincial GDP, with a strong investment in plantation crops, particularly oil palm (accounts for 53% of agricultural production)
  • From 2011-2016, WK experienced the highest growth in oil palm plantation area nationally, mostly into nonforest areas
  • Of the 1.53 Mha converted to industrial oil palm plantations between 2000-2016, 0.23 Mha (15%) were intact forests & 0.40 Mha (26%) were post-1973 logged forests


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