- Indonesia and Peru harbor some of the largest lowland tropical peatland areas. Indonesian peatlands are subject to much greater anthropogenic activity than Peru's resulting in high GHG and particulate emissions.
- We explored patterns of impact in both countries and compared predisposing factors. Impacts differ greatly among Indonesian regions and the Peruvian Amazon in the order: Sumatra > Kalimantan > Papua > Peru.
- All impacts, except fire, are positively related to population density.
- Current peatland integrity in Peru arises from a confluence of factors that has slowed development, with no absolute barriers protecting Peruvian peatlands from a similar fate to Indonesia's.
- If the goal is to maintain the integrity of Peruvian peatlands, government policies recognizing unique peatland functions and sensitivities will be necessary.
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Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Lilleskov, E.A.; McCullough, K.; Hergoualc'h, K.; del Castillo Torres, D.; Chimmer, R.; Murdiyarso, D.; Kolka, R.; Bourgeau-Chavez, L.; Hribljan, J.; del Aguila Pasquel, J.; Wayson, C.