FTA contributes directly to nine Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to all CGIAR Intermediate Development Outcomes (IDOs) and to 31 sub-IDOs with different levels of investment. FTA works across four main production systems (natural forests, plantations, pastures with trees and cropping systems with trees) with globally traded and/or locally important tree-crop commodities (e.g. timber, oil palm, rubber, coffee, cocoa, coconut, wood fuel and fruits), that form the basis of the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of smallholders.1 It also represents an important share of land area, including 13 million km2 of forests and 9.5 million km2 of agricultural lands (45 percent of the total agricultural area with >10 percent tree cover). 2018 was the first year of implementation of FTA’s new priority-setting. FTA has defined a set of 22 operational priorities that address, within the framework of the proposal, key development demands and knowledge gaps, oriented towards the implementation of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement on climate change, and aligned with the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework.