Regional governments have a central role in the formalization process as they are in the most direct contact with native communities. Nonetheless, incomplete decentralization has led to inadequate budget and trained personnel.
The Ministry of Economy and Finance should incorporate allocations for community titling procedures in the national budget.
There are incongruities between the expectations of native communities and the scope of the regulations that formalize collective rights – especially those related to rights to resources, the implications of usufruct contracts and the differences in rights granted over lands classified as forest versus agriculture.
The results show that investing in coordination and collaboration mechanisms has the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation. This requires assigning budgets and promoting measures supporting information exchange and formal agreements to implement joint actions.